War, & Social Conflict
Newsletter of the Peace, War, & Social Conflict
of the American Sociological Association
TABLE OF CONTENTS
AWARD TO DAVID SEGAL
TWO STUDENT PAPERS
FACING NEW CHALLENGES AND
CALLS FOR PAPERS
INSERT PICTURE OF DAVID SEGAL AND MADY SEGAL
David R. Segal receives the Peace,
War and Social Conflict Section Award for Distinguished Contributions to
Scholarship, Teaching, and Service, from the Section Chair Mady W. Segal
during the section business meeting at the ASA meetings in Washington,
AWARD TO DAVID SEGAL
During the PWSC Business Meeting, out-going
Chair Mady Segal presented the 2000 Award for Distinguished Contributions
to Scholarship, Teaching, or Service to Professor David R. Segal, University
of Maryland. What impressed the Award Committee most, and what is in the
several letters of nomination for him, is Dr. Segalís truly extensive contributions
on all three areas of the award: scholarship, teaching, and service. Here
are just a few of the many accolades from the letters of nomination:
On scholarship: "David is
one of the foremost military sociologists in the world. . . He has studied
and contributed to policy decisions regarding peace operations." "He is
an expert in virtually every subspecialty in the field, and he even had
the foresight to study peacekeeping operations before it became fashionable
to do so."
On teaching: "As a teacher,
Professor Segalís contribution is immense. . . He brings the field of military
sociology to undergraduates . . . He mentors both traditional graduate
students and short-term military scholars. . . He regularly publishes collaborative
work with students, passing on to them . . . critical skills in the discipline.
. . His students attest that his commitment to them does not end once they
have left the university."
On service: "He has been extraordinarily
active in the profession, making major contributions to the Section on
Peace, War, and Social Conflict." "He co-organized and co-chaired the Sectionís
Workshop on Peacemaking
and Peacekeeping, held prior to the
ASA meetings in Los Angeles. He currently serves on the sectionís nominations
committee." He has served on several committees and been Chair. He has
played an "exceptional role as energizer, sustainer, intellectual stimulant
and exemplar of the Section". "Davidís service . . . has extended beyond
the Section." "Among his many other professional contributions, David has
served as Editor of Armed Forces & Society and as President of the
Research Committee on Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution of the International
Sociological Association. He currently serves as President of the Inter-University
Seminar on Armed Forces and Society." "He regularly offers policy advice
to military and political leaders, and helps disseminate sociological perspectives
through . . . newspapers". "He worked with the committee that initially
lobbied for the U.S. Academy (now Institute) of Peace. . . He served as
a special assistant to the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during the Somalia
and Haiti operations." "David Segalís experience and expertise in the realm
of military organization and peacekeeping is particularly needed as we
seek more nuanced understanding of societal violence; of the use and misuse
of force to reduce it; and of the policies, training, and leadership necessary
to assure that police and military personnel use force to enhance, not
subvert, human rights."
Two student paper awards were made
this year at the PWSC Business Meeting held at the Washington Hilton on
August 12, 2000. The Elise Boulding Student Paper Award for the best undergraduate
paper was given to Matthew Morgan, U.S. Military Academy, for his paper,
"Warrior Scholars: The Need for Intellectual Ability in the Modern Officer
Corps." The Elise Boulding Student Paper Award for the best graduate student
paper was given to Natasha Chen Christensen (pictured), UCLA, for her paper,
"Geeks at Play: Doing Masculinity on an On-line Gaming Site." Joe Elder,
University of Wisconsin, served as chair of the Boulding Award Committee;
other Committee members were: Morten Ender, Dana Eyre, Niranjan Karnik,
and Lynn Woehrle.
INSERT PICTURE OF NATASHA CHEN CHRISTENSEN
FACING NEW CHALLENGES
The fields of peace studies and security
studies are undergoing great changes, adapting to the increasingly globalized
post-cold war world. Consequently, peace studies and security studies are
converging in many ways. Members of the Peace, War, and Conflict section
of the ASA are excellently situated to meet the resulting new challenges.
The diversity of our activities and interests provides insights and knowledge
that can enhance the work of each of us.
For example, one set of challenges
and opportunities pertains to the salience of domestic conflicts associated
with ethnic, linguistic, religious and other communal identities. Some
of these conflicts, as in Rwanda, Sri Lanka, East Timor, and Bosnia have
been characterized by widespread killings. The salience of such actions
sometimes has helped trigger interventions by other governments and by
international governmental and non-governmental organizations. State sovereignty
is less of a barrier to such interventions than it has been in the recent
International norms regarding individual
and collective human rights and regarding democratic institutions are increasingly
accepted throughout the world. They provide incentives and justifications
for interventions to stop terribly destructive violence. Such interventions
sometimes take the form of military actions conducting by national and
by international organizations, a new form of peacekeeping operation. They
also provide incentives and justifications for supporting resistance against
oppressive regimes; again, including the use of coercive force. Such developments
have many implications for members of this section. Many peace workers
are serving in countries wracked by destructive conflicts; they are giving
workshops, facilitating dialogue groups, serving as mediating channels
of communication between enemies, and consulting about constructing more
democratic and law-constrained political institutions. Major ideas in peace
studies seem to be increasingly accepted. These include the value of positive
peace as well as of negative peace, the efficacy of nonviolence, and the
possibility of constructively transforming conflicts. Students in undergraduate
and graduate courses seem to see peace work as something they can do and
have an effect. This is heady stuff.
But, the new developments also pose
risks. We may become like officials, trying to protect and extend our turf
for our projects and to compete inappropriately with each other. Even more
importantly, working closely with officials promises to provide access
and influence, but it also can entail a significant degree of co-optation.
For example, during the cold war the US government was viewed in the peace
studies community as a primary party in that conflict and a reasonable
target for peacemaking efforts. Now, the U.S. government is more often
viewed as acting to prevent violent conflicts, to interrupt them when the
violence becomes hugely destructive, and to restore peace afterward.
Consequently, we give less attention
to the possible role of the U.S. government and many other governments,
of international governmental organizations, and of transnational corporations
as they pursue policies that exacerbate conflicts. These may pertain to
arms sales and to economic practices. On the other hand, many peace movement
organizations and other transnational social movement organizations are
actively opposing certain policies of those organizations, notably of the
World Trade Organization and International Monetary Fund.
The dangers of some of the new global
developments for the field of peace studies and security studies may be
countered by strengthening ties with the newly active transnational social
movement organizations. We may even help foster constructive ways in which
the struggles in which they are engaged are conducted.
Most significantly, the diversity of
our membership should benefit our work. It may also helps guard us from
the dangers in adapting to the new global developments we confront.
CALLS FOR PAPERS
ELISE M. BOULDING STUDENT PAPER
The Peace, War, and Social Conflict
Section of the American Sociological Association invites undergraduate
and graduate students to submit a paper on any topic related to the sociology
of peace, war, military institutions, or social conflict. The first place
Award for both undergraduate and graduate student papers is $150.00 each
toward the cost of travel to the American Sociological Association Annual
Meeting in Anaheim, California, August 18-22, 2001. The award recipient(s)
is invited to submit and present her/his paper during the meetings. Papers
must have been written within the past two years. They must be typed, double-spaced
with a 12-point font. The page limit is 25 pages including tables, references,
and illustrations. Each submission should include a separate cover page
listing the author's contact information (including mailing address, telephone
number, and e-mail address), paper title, and whether the paper was written
as an undergraduate or graduate student paper. No student identifying information
should appear in the body of the manuscript. All students will be notified
electronically about their submission and about the final selections.
Submit five copies of the paper by
April 1, 2001 to:
Morten G. Ender, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Sociology
Department of Behavioral Sciences
United States Military Academy
West Point, New York 10996
MILITARY SOCIOLOGY: REGULAR AND
The door is open for presentations
at the Eastern Sociological Society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. If you
have a work-in-progress or completed paper, consider presenting it at our
sessions. The session is Military Sociology, broadly defined, including
topics such as peacekeeping, military families, war and peace, military
institutions, race and gender in the
military, armed forces and society,
U.S. and Other Militaries, recruitment,leadership.
Title of Conference: The 2001 Annual
Meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society
Title of Sessions: Military Sociology
Place: Loews Hotel, Philidelphia,
Dates: March 1-4, 2001
Organizer: David Rohall and Morten
Deadline for abstracts: October 15,
Send Name, Institutional Affiliation,
Address, Email, Presentation Title, and an Abstract to:
416 Horton Social Science Building
Department of Sociology
University of New Hampshire
Durham, NH 03824
COLD WAR CONFLICTS: KOREA AND VIETNAM
The Cold War Conflicts: Korea and Vietnam
Area of the Southwest/Texas
Popular Culture Association invites
papers on any and all aspects of the wars in Korea and Vietnam and popular
culture to be presented at its annual meeting, which will be held at the
Sheraton Oldtown Hotel in Albuquerque,
New Mexico from March 7-March 10, 200l.
For details about the meeting, check the organization's web site: www2.okstate.edu/swpca
We are also interested in papers which
address all aspects of the Cold War and are particularly interested in
papers covering the impact which the Cold War had on popular culture in
Eastern block as well as in Western nations. Politics, cinema, literature,
and journalism are all areas of interest.
The deadline for proposals is November
1, 2000. Please send a brief prospectus (about 150 words) to:
Philip J. Landon
Dept. of English
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Baltimore, MD 21250
NGOS AND HUMANITARIAN ACTION: BETWEEN
TRANSNATIONAL ACTIVISM AND PUBLICATION
International conference, April 12-13,
2001, La Rochelle (France). Deadline for submission of proposals: November
Reading committee's decisions: December
20, 2000. Deadline for submission of final paper (electronically): February
Papers should not exceed 40,000 characters
in length. Applications (either in French or English) should be in the
following format and sent electronically: First Name, Given Name; Institution;
Status E-mail; Address for postal correspondence; Phone(s); Fax; Title;
Summary of the paper in 4 lines; Paper proposal (between 3000 and 6000
characters, spaces included); giving an idea of the empirical content;
The application form should be sent
electronically to both following addresses: firstname.lastname@example.org
and email@example.com. Please
direct inquiries on the content of the debate to Prof. Johanna Simeant,
or by telephone 00 33 (0)5 46 45 85 20. The final division into panels
and sessions will take place after the selected contributions have been
RESEARCH IN SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, CONFLICTS
"Decision-Making in Social and
Religious Movements, Direct Action Campaigns, and Movement Organizations,"
Volume 24, Volume Editor: Patrick Coy, Kent State University.
Papers analyzing the use of consensus,
modified consensus, various forms of majority rule, hierarchical, and other
decision-making and planning systems in a variety of social movement contexts
(including transnational) are
sought. Articles that address how the
internet and electronic mail impact social movement decision-making are
welcomed, as are diverse research methodologies.
Due date: February 15, 2001. Accepted
papers will appear in Volume 24,published in early 2002. For more information,
SERVICE-LEARNING AND SOCIOLOGY: RESEARCH,
SYLLABI, AND INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS (2ND EDITION).
Materials may include, but are not
limited to: complete syllabi, course outlines, handouts, assignment sheets,
or any other written materials relevant to using service-learning in teaching
sociology. We are
also requesting "advice" or "tips" from sociologists using service-learning
in their teaching who have been successful at building and maintaining
Deadline for submissions is November
30, 2000. Submissions from non-traditional campuses are encouraged. Send
questions regarding content and format, as well as specific materials to
Section I. Complete Service-Learning
Morten G. Ender, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Sociology
Department of Behavioral Sciences
Thayer Hall, Room 282E
United States Military Academy
West Point, New York 10996
(914) 938-5638 (w)
Section II. Integrating Service-Learning
JoAnn DeFiore, Ph.D.
(914) 938-2236 (fax)
Assistant Professor of Interdisciplinary
Arts and Sciences
18115 Campus Way NE
Department of Interdisciplinary Arts
Bothell, WA 98011-8246
(425) 352-5270 (w)
Section III. Best Practices for Finding,
Building, and Maintaining Community Partnerships
Brenda Marsteller Kowalewski, Ph.D.
(425) 352-5335 (fax)
Associate Professor of Sociology
1208 University Circle
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Weber State University
Ogden, UT 84408-1208
(801) 626-7893 (w)
2000. Social Conflicts and
Collective Identities. Patrick G. Coy and Lynne M. Woehrle, eds. Lanham,
MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers
(801) 626-8979 (fax)
Ejiogu, E.C. 2000. "The Roots of Political
Instability in An Artificial 'Nation-State': The Case of Nigeria." International
Journal of Comparative Sociology 25(2).
Ejiogu, E.C. 2000. "Achebe, Chinua";
"Fanon, Frantz"; "Machel, Samora"; "Nyerere, Julius"; "Saro-Wiwa, Ken";
"Soyinka, Wole"; "Enahoro, Anthony"; "Namibian Nationalism." In Encyclopedia
of Nationalism. A. J. Motyl, ed. Academic Press.
Ender, Morten G. 2000. "Beyond adolescence:
The experiences of adult children of military parents." Pp. 241-255 in
Military Family: A Practice Guide for Human Service Providers. J. Martin,
L. Rosen, and L. Sparacino, eds. Westport CT: Praeger Publishers.
Guillemin, Jeanne. 1999. Anthrax:
The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak. Los Angeles: University of
Kriesberg, Louis. 1999. "Reflections
on My Roles, Identities, and Activities Relating to Conflict Resolution,"
Kriesberg, Louis. 1999. "Conflict Resolvers'
Engagement in the Emerging Global Society," (with Richard Ratcliff). Peace
Forum (Republic of Korea), XV:1-12.
Kriesberg, Louis. 2000. "Prospects
for Constructive Conflicts," Gandhi Marg (India), 21(January-March):389-403.
Kriesberg, Louis. 2000. "Negotiating
the Partition of Palestine and Evolving Israeli-Palestinian Relations,"
Brown Journal of World Affairs VII(Winter/Spring):63-80.
Steiner, John M. 2000. ""Er war ja
nicht so...". Adolf Hitler entläßt persönlich am 25. Januar
1942 Amalia Hoisl, Häftling Nr. 2054, aus dem Ravensbrücker Außenlager
Comthurey. Interview mit Amalia Hoisl im Sommer 1997, 1998 und 1999 in
Klagenfurt und Guttaring, Kärnten." Pp. 45-86 in Jahrbuch 2000.
Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes, Vienna,
Austria. ("Adolf Hitler personally releases Amalia Hoisl, Ravensbrück
inmate no. 2054, on January 25. 1942, from the slave labor camp Comthurey".
In: Yearbook 2000. Documentation Archive of the Austrian Resistance.)
Steiner, John M.and Jochen Fahrenberg.2000.
Autoritäre Einstellung und Statusmerkmale von ehemaligen Angehörigen
der Waffen-SS und SS und der Wehrmacht. Eine erweiterte Reanalyse der 1970
publizierten Untersuchung. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie
und Sozialpsychologie 52(2): 329-348. ("Authoritarianism and Social
Status of Former Members of the Waffen-SS and SS and of the Wehrmacht.
An Extension and Re-analysis of the Study published in 1970." Cologne
Journal of Sociology and Social Psychology)
Steiner, John M. 2000. "Reflections
on Experiences in Nazi Death Camps". Pp. 21-26 in Holocaust Remembrance
Project Teacher Resource Guide. Gloria Chandler, ed. Tampa, FL: Holland
& Knight Charitable Foundation, Inc.
Swank, Eric. 2000. "In Newspapers We
Trust? Assessing the Credibility of News Sources that Cover Protest Campaigns."
in Social Movements, Conflicts, and Change 22:27-54.
PEACE STUDIES DEPARTMENT
The Peace Studies Department of the
College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University seeks candidates
for a full-time, tenure-track position to begin Fall 2001. More information
on the department and the colleges can be found at http://www.csbsju.edu.
All applicants must submit a letter
of application, statement of teaching philosophy, curriculum vitae, copies
of all transcripts, and three recent letters of recommendation to:
College of Saint Benedict
Human Resources Office
37 South College Avenue
St. Joseph, MN 56374
Applications received after December
1, 2000 cannot be guaranteed consideration. Women and people of diverse
racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds are encouraged to apply. The College
of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University are EEO/AA employers.
***Editorís note: This job posting has been abbreviated. For more
information see http://www.csbsju.edu/humanresources/faculty.html.