Peace, War, & Social Conflict

Newsletter of the Peace, War, & Social Conflict Section
of the American Sociological Association

April 2000


Newsletter of the
Section of the American Sociological Association

April 2000

From the Chair:

Mady W. Segal, University of Maryland, College Park

Spring greetings to all of you! While we see other members of our section mostly during the ASA meetings, many of us have been in touch via the wonders of e-mail. Our Section members may have quite diverse intellectual interests, but the business of the Section has been running very smoothly, thanks to the efforts of those who have been working diligently on our activities.

We have a very interesting program planned for the ASA meetings in Washington, DC. The meetings are August 12-16, 2000. Our section sessions (including business meeting) will be held on Sunday, August 13. Elsewhere in this newsletter you will find the details of the sessions. Thanks to Bradford Booth, John Crist, Meyer Kestnbaum, and Lynne Woehrle for their work in organizing the sessions. And thank you to all of you who submitted such interesting and informative papers.

Our reception will be on Monday, August 14 at 6:30 P.M.. (We canít have our reception at this time on the day of our sessions because that is when ASAís Honorary Reception is held). Our reception will be held in a restaurant right near the hotel. We will know shortly which restaurant we will be in. Look for this information in our next newsletter. Thanks to Council member John Crist for handling all the arrangements on this.

Also included in this newsletter is the list of candidates for Section offices, along with their biographical information to help you select from among them. I thank them for their willingness to stand for office and to commit themselves to the work of the Section. Thank you to the members of the Nominations Committee, Rob Benford, M. Christina Bourg, Juanita Firestone, David R. Segal. A VERY SPECIAL THANK YOU to Sam Marullo for agreeing to chair the committee on short notice and then accomplishing all the work so efficiently. This happened because Allen D. Grimshaw had to withdraw as committee chair due to his health. (I am pleased to report that Allen says he is doing very well recovering form his heart surgery.)

The bad news is that our membership as of March 15, 2000 is only 206. This is the number of members who have paid their 2000 A.S.A. dues and Section dues. We had been at 300 as of September 30, 1999. A membership form is available in this newsletter and at the ASA website. Recruit some new members, including students. This decrease in membership has the potential of being a serious problem for us. At the very least, we could be in

danger of losing a session at the A.S.A. meetings. Since this is a major activity of the Section, we need to forestall this possibility. If you have any ideas for increasing our membership, please contact Jack Nusan Porter, our membership chair ( (and send me a copy). If you have actually decided to let your membership lapse, I would appreciate it if you would let me know why (msegal@

Nominations for our Section Award for Distinguished Contributions to Scholarship, Teaching, and Service Award are due to me by May 1, 2000. Please see the announcement elsewhere in this newsletter for details.

I look forward to seeing all of you at the A.S.A. meetings at our sessions and our reception. I wish you a happy and healthy spring.

From the Membership Chair:

Jack Nusan Porter, University of Massachusetts, Lowell

As membership chair, I have been asked by Mady Segal to increase our numbers, and I have an idea that worked for the History of Sociology ASA section: if each member will pay for one student or colleague or friend's section dues (it's only $7 or $10) as they join the ASA (or even help a student pay for all or part of the first year ASA dues), we can increase our numbers significantly. As you are aware, new members usually join via personal contact, and this kind of personal contact really works--the History of Sociology section has quickly grown to over 320 members. So, let's try it--Jack Nusan Porter,"


The following are abbreviated biographies of the nominees. Full biographical information will accompany the ballot mailing.

For Chair-elect:

James Burk, Texas A&M University
PhD, University of Chicago


PWSC Section Council, 1995-1998
Editor, Armed Forces and Society, 1995-1998

Recent Publications:

"Military Culture." Pp. 447-462 in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, volume 2 (San Diego: Academic Press, 1999)
"Public Support of Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia," Political Science Quarterly 114 (Spring 1999): 53-78

Dana Eyre, Naval Postgraduate School
Ph.D. Sociology, Stanford University


PWSC Nominations Commmittee
PWSC Elise Boulding Student Paper Award Committee
PWSC Newsletter Editor

Recent Publications:
"Clueless in Sarajevo: Lessons of Bosnia for Peace Research" Peace Review (forthcoming)
"Peacekeeping" and "Military Lobbies" in Oxford Companion to American Military History (2000)

For Council (2 positions):

Chris Bourg
Ph.D. Candidate, Stanford University


PWSC Committee on Nominations

Recent Publications:

Bourg, Chris, and Mady Wechsler Segal. Forthcoming. Gender, Sexuality and the Military. In Gender Stratification: Social Construction and Structural Accounts, edited by Dana Vannoy. NY: Roxbury Press

Bourg, Chris. 1999. "Trends in intentions to enlist and attend college." In Recruiting college-bound youth into the military: Current practices and future policy options, edited by M. Rebecca Kilburn and Beth J. Asch. CA: RAND.

Bob Edwards, East Carolina University
Ph.D., The Catholic University of America

Session Organizer: 1996. American Sociological Association Meetings. Co-Organized Referred Roundtable Session sponsored by the Section on Collective Behavior and Social Movements, with Sherry Cable.

Recent Publications:

  1999. "Is it Time to Disinvest in Social Capital?" Journal of Public Policy 19(2):199-231, with Michael W. Foley.

Forthcoming, 2000. "Swine Before Pearls: Environmental Justice and Public Opposition to Corporate Swine Production in North Carolina," with Anthony Ladd in Environmental Injustice and Race, Gender, Class, edited by Robert Bullard, Dorceta Taylor, and Glenn Johnson.

Leonda Keniston, Hope in the Cities
M.S. student, Virginia Commonwealth University

Mark Vaitkus, U.S. Army War College
Ph.D., University of Michigan

Recent Publications:
Griffith, J., & Vaitkus, M. (1999). "Relating cohesion to stress, strain, disintegration, and performance: An organizing framework." Military Psychology, 11 (1), 27-56 For Secretary-Treasurer:

Jen Hlavacek, J & B Research Associates
Ph.D., University of Colorado,

Chair of PWSC Membership Committee (1998/99)

Chair of PWSC Nominations Committee (1997/1998)

Amy Hubbard, Randolph-Macon College
PhD, Syracuse University


PWSC Nominations Committee, Member (1998-99), Chair (1996-97)

Recent Publications :

"Cultural and Status Differences in Intergroup Conflict Resolution: A Longitudinal Study of a Middle East Dialogue Group in the United States." Human Relations 52:303-325, 1999.

"Grass-Roots Conflict Resolution Exercises and Constituent Representation." Peace & Change 24:197-219, 1999.


Military and Non-Military Participation in Peace Operations


Mady W. Segal, University of Maryland, College Park and John T. Crist, U.S. Institute of Peace Presider:

John T. Crist, U.S. Institute of Peace


Dana Eyre, Naval Postgraduate School

If "Itís not a soldierís job but only a soldier can do it," then whose job is it? Practice and Identity in Military and Civilian Peacekeepers Maria Bina Palmisano, University of Maryland, College Park American Public Opinion Towards U.S. Engagement in Peacekeeping Operations: The Value Hypothesis

Lewis Rasmussen, U.S. Institute of Peace

Building Peace with Justice: The Role of Civilian Police Operations in Peacekeeping Brian Reed, Morten Ender, and Justin Jones, U. S. Military Academy  
Give Peacekeepers a Chance: Peacekeeper Attitudes on Peacekeeping
Edward Tiryakian, Duke University The Kosovo War and American Involvement: A Structural-Functional Analysis
Race, Gender, and Class in the Study of Peace, War, the Military, and
Social Conflict (co-sponsored with the section on Race, Gender and Class)


Mady W. Segal, University of Maryland and Lynne M. Woehrle, Wilson College


Mady W. Segal, University of Maryland


Lynne M. Woehrle, Wilson College


Brenda L. Moore, State University of New York at Buffalo

Women in Military Intelligence: The Case of Nisei WACs during World War II Alec Campbell, Colby College Class Politics During Demobilization from Total War Patrick G. Coy, Kent State University "We Use It But We Donít Abuse It:" Nonviolent Protective Accompaniment and the Use of Ethnicity and Privilege by Peace Brigades International Timothy B. Gongaware, University of Nebraska  
Nurturers and Keepers of Culture: the Influence of Native American Women on the Development of Collective Action Frames
Refereed Roundtables


Bradford Booth and Meyer Kestnbaum, University of Maryland

1. Political Violence and States

Pietro Toggia and Pat Lauderdale, Arizona State University

The State of War: the Ethiopian-Eritrea States in the Horn of Africa Markus S. Schulz, New School for Social Research The Dynamics of Political Violence and Transnational Discourse E.C. Ejiogu, University of Maryland Protecting the State from Multiple Societies: A Sociological Study of Nigeriaís Civil Military Relations 2. Social Psychological Perspectives on the Armed Forces

Yuko Kurashina, University of Maryland

A Cyber-Military Community: Computer Mediated Military Spouse Networks as Resources of Social Support. Janet L. Chapman, Morten Ender, and Susan Lee-Kratz General Psychology, Service Learning, and the U.S. Military Academy. David Rohall and V. Lee Hamilton, University of Maryland Place, Time, and Job Search Strategies as Determinants of Re-Employment Among Former Military Officers. 3. Disciplinary Issues in the Sociology of War and the Military

John Hurley, Scott Efflandt, Brian Reed, and Robert Carter, U. S. Military Academy

The Evolution of an Academic Program: Sociology at West Point, 1963-2000 Seungsook Moon, Vassar College Juggling Difference and Equality: Women Soldiers in the South Korean Army Lars Bo Kaspersen, University of Copenhagen Historical Sociology and Warfare as a Driving Historical Force

4. Perceptions of Social Threat

Jeanne Guillemin, Boston College

Anthrax, Bioterrorism, and the Body Politic. William H. McBroom, University of Montana The Authoritarian Personality and Support for Eugenics.
Join the PEACE, WAR, & SOCIAL CONFLICT Section of the American Sociological Association

Our members are interested diverse areas, including:

¨the dynamics of war ¨peace movements ¨refugees

¨the causes of genocide ¨conflict resolution ¨nonviolence

¨military institutions ¨nongovernmental organizations

If you are a member of the ASA, simply fill out this form, include your section dues and mail it to ASA headquarters. If you are not an ASA member, you can use this form to get more information about the American Sociological Association and the section on Peace, War, & Social Conflict.

Mail to:
American Sociological Association
1307 New York Avenue NW, Suite 700
Washington, D.C. 20005-4701 

Enclosed is a check for $12 for section dues.

From: _______________________________



[ ] I am an ASA member and want to join the section on Peace, War, & Social Conflict.

[ ] I am a student member of ASA and enclosed is a check for $7.

[ ] I am not a member of ASA, but am interested in joining. Please send me
For more information, contact: information about membership in both

Mady Segal, Chair,, or the ASA and the Peace, War, & Social

Jack Nusan Porter, Membership Chair, Conflict section.


Louis Kriesbergís book Constructive Conflicts will be the subject of an ASA session of "The Author Meets the Critics." Look to later ASA and PWSC publications for further information.

* * * * *

A project is being carried forward by an informal group of sociologists interested in pursuing Mills' idea of the sociological imagination. The group is working toward a research conference--open to all--during the evenings of the Washington ASA meetings (Aug. 12, 13, 14 and 15) at one of the two ASA conference hotels. The aim to publish the result as a volume in the "Sociological Imagination and Structural Change" series with Aldine. Sociologists interested in inquiring about these efforts or submitting a paper for the research conference should contact Bernard Phillips, 2002 Harbourside Dr., #1602, Longboat Key, FL 34228,


This PWSC section award honors an individual with an outstanding scholarly career in the study of peace, war, genocide, military institutions, or social conflict, important contributions to teaching the sociology of peace, war, and social conflict, and/or outstanding service to the ASA Section on Peace, War, and Social Conflict. Nominations should be sent to Mady W. Segal, Chair, ASA Section on Peace, War, and Social Conflict, Department of Sociology, Room 2112 Art/Sociology Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-1315. Letters of nomination must be received by May 1, 2000 (preferably with the nominee's vita, but this is not required).


The Distinguished Scholarly Publication Award is an ASA award given for a single book or monograph published in the three calendar years preceding the award year (1998-2000). The winner of this award will be offered a lectureship known as the Sorokin Lecture. Regional and state sociological associations/societies may apply to ASA to receive this lecture at ASA expense after the award recipient is announced.

Books receiving awards from ASA sections are automatically qualified for

nomination. If your section makes such awards, please send me the authors,

titles, and publishers of 1998-2000 award winners. Even if your section does not make official book awards, your contribution as a section chair to the awards process is uniquely valuable. To qualify a book for nomination,

two members of the Association (differently located) must submit letters of support. Nominations should include name of author, title of book, date of publication, publisher, and brief statements as to why the book should be

considered. The deadline is June 15, 2000.

Please send nominations to:

Elaine Wethington
Department of Human Development and Department of Sociology, G52 MVR
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853



The JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY ETHNOGRAPHY invites submissions for a special issue on "Ethnography Under the Gun: Fieldwork in War Zones and Post-Conflict Settings."

The issue will feature ethnographies conducted in zones of armed conflict associated with inter-state wars, civil wars, autonomy movements, guerilla campaigns, genocide, ethnic cleansing, or refugee crises. In addition, ethnographies related to peace-keeping operations, the implementation of peace agreements, or post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation efforts are also invited. Preference will be given to papers that demonstrate both scholarly proficiency and relevance to policymakers, including nongovernmental organizations, humanitarian relief workers, and government officials.

Deadline for submission of papers is August 1, 2000. Selected papers will appear in the October 2001 issue. For inquiries or submission guidelines, please contact the special issue editor, Dr. John T. Crist, by e-mail or phone, and send submission materials to:

John T. Crist
U.S. Institute of Peace
1200 17th Street, NW Suite 200
Washington, DC 20036-3011

o: 202.429.3897
f: 202.822.5199


Series Editors: Patrick Coy, Kent State University, and Isidor Wallimann, School of Social Work, Basel, Switzerland.

Submissions of scholarly research papers are invited for publication in Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, published by JAI Press of Greenwich, CT and London, England. Papers focused on social or political movements, conflict analysis and resolution, social inequality and political change, or nonviolent action are especially encouraged.

August 1, 2000 is the due date for submissions to be considered for publication in Volume 23, which will appear in the summer of 2001. Full submission guidelines may be viewed and downloaded from the series web site:

For queries, guidelines, or to submit a paper, contact the series co-editor and volume editor:

Patrick Coy
Center for Applied Conflict Management
Kent State University
Box 5190, Bowman Hall 302
Kent, OH 44234

Phone: (330) 672-2875

PEACE REVIEW calls for essays on-and-off-theme. Upcoming themes include:

Children & War, Biopiracy, Food Security, and Literature & Peace. PEACE REVIEW is a quarterly, multidisciplinary, transnational journal of peace research and analysis. We define peace research to include human rights, development, ecology, culture, race, gender and related issues and aim to present this research in short, accessible and substantive essays.

Email or call (415) 422-2910 for submission deadlines and writerís guidelines. Send essays by attachment to Editorial correspondence, including manuscripts on disk to Robert Elias, Editor, Peace Review, Peace and Justice Studies, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA. Email:


RC 01 is seeking papers for presentation at their meeting on October 12-15, 2000 in Strausberg Germany. The committee welcomes participation from PWSC members. For more information, contact:

Proshanta Nandi, Professor of Sociology, University of Illinois at Springfield, Springfield, IL 62794,


Davis, Karen M. and Morten G. Ender (1999). "The 1997 Red River Valley Flood: The Impact on Marital Relationships." Applied Behavioral Science Review, 7(2):181-188.

Ender, Morten G. (2000). "U.S. Army Generals and the Rhetoric of Modesty: A Commentary" Symbolic Interactionism, 23(2):294-301.

Louis Kriesberg:

"Conflict Transformation," Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict, Lester R. Kurtz, Ed., San Diego: Academic Press, 1999.

"Paths to Varieties of Inter-Communal Reconciliation," in Conflict Resolution: Dynamics, Process and Structure, Ho-Won Jeong, ed. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999.

"De-escalation of International Conflicts" and "Social Conflicts and Peace," World Encyclopedia of Peace, Revised Edition, Eds. Javier Perez De Cuellar and Young-Sik Cho, Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1999.

"On Advancing Truth and Morality in Conflict Resolution," Peace and Conflict Studies. Richard Rubenstein, Guest Ed. 6 (November 1999) 7-19.

"Fighting Conflicts Constructively," Manchester College Bulletin of Peace Studies Institute, 29 (1) 1999, pp. 26-30.

Encyclopedia of Genocide, Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio Press, 2000, contains entries by several section members, including Jack Nusan Porter and Helen Fein.
*To order a copy, contact Jack Porter <>

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